1 Cr New Jobs in Rural & Urban Local Bodies, No Application Fee for Govt Exams & Posts: Read What Congress Manifesto Says on Jobs
The party has also promised to increase funding for Anganwadi and ASHA workers.
In its newly launched manifesto, “Hum Nibhayenge“, the Congress party has made employment a top priority. The party says, “Unemployment is the gravest challenge to the country and job creation is the highest priority for the economy. In the last five years, there has been a dramatic rise in unemployment.”
Citing NSSO and CMIE data, the Congress said, “Today, unemployment is touching a 45-year high of 6.1 per cent according to the government’s own figures. The Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy puts the number at 7.2 per cent. At the end of this February, 3.1 crore people were actively looking for jobs. Data indicates that total employment has declined, the labour participation rate has declined and existing jobs have been destroyed.”
The party has proposed:
- In order to underline the link between the growth of the industry and services sectors and rapid creation of jobs, Congress will create a new Ministry of Industry, Services and Employment.
- All of the four lakh vacancies as on April 1, 2019, in the Central Government, Central Public Sector Enterprises, Judiciary and Parliament will be filled before the end of March 2020.
- The Congress will request State Governments to fill all vacancies, estimated at 20 lakh, in the two sectors and local bodies.
- The party promised to work with State Governments to create new Seva Mitra positions (estimated at 10 lakh) in every Gram Panchayat and every Urban Local Body to ensure the effective delivery of government services to citizens.
- Application fees for government examinations and government posts will be abolished.
- The party pledged to create lakhs of new jobs for qualified teachers, doctors, nurses, paramedics, technicians, instructors and administrators through a massive expansion of the education and health sectors.
- The party promised to increase funding for Anganwadi workers, ASHA workers, rozgarsahayaks, preraks, and anudeshaks and work with State Governments to ensure that all arrears are paid immediately.
- Congress will also work with State Governments and attempt to address all “pending contentious issues regarding their salaries and work conditions.”
- The party will expand the ASHA programme and appoint a second ASHA worker in all villages with a population exceeding 2,500 persons.
- The party will “trigger rapid growth” of the manufacturing sector, particularly of MSMEs, by providing better infrastructure in industrial hubs and cluster towns.
- Noting that the definition of MSMEs based on capital employed is biased against labour, Congress pledged to link the definition of MSME to employment — A business employing ten persons or less will be ‘micro;’ between 11 and 100 will be “small”, and between 101 and 500 will be “medium”.
- The party promised to create an Enterprise Support Agency to help entrepreneurs, including start-ups.
- The Congress party promised to provide business support including counselling, incubation, access to technology, funding, domestic and export markets, and the creation of new products, services and intellectual property.
- Freedom from “Inspector Raj” — Micro and Small Enterprises will be exempt from all applicable laws and regulations (except the Minimum Wages Act and tax laws) for three years from April 1, 2019, or, in the case of new businesses, the date of commencement of business.
- The party promised to reward businesses that create new jobs by lowering the effective direct tax rates and by lowering contributions to the CSR fund.
- Congress, if in power, will provide fiscal incentives to businesses that employ a certain percentage of women.
- The party pledged to reward export-oriented industries through tax rebates and incentives.
- Congress promised an “adequately capitalised” Tourism Development Bank to provide low-cost, long-term funds for investment in tourism-related businesses. The party also promised to offer lower rates of corporate and personal income tax on tourism-related business income.
- Congress will launch two major programmes to be implemented through Gram Sabhas and urban local bodies that will create one crore jobs — Water Bodies Restoration Mission, Wasteland Regeneration Mission.
- Per the manifesto, Congress will require businesses employing 100 persons or more to start an apprenticeship programme, impart skills, pay a stipend, and employ from among the trained apprentices whenever a job is created or becomes vacant in that business.