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India Journeys Into Space: From The First Satellite Aryabhatta In 1975 to A-Sat in 2019

The joint mission by ISRO (established 1969) and DRDO (established 1958) is the latest in a series of historical achievements.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday announced that India had gained the capability to shoot down low-earth orbit satellite.

The joint mission by ISRO (established 1969) and DRDO (established 1958) is the latest in a series of historical achievements.

With the announcement of this new era in space defence, we follow India’s rising trajectory in space exploration throughout the past. Here is a list of some of India’s successes in the field:

  • India’s space activities were first institutionalised under Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) established in 1962, under Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • Indian Space and Research Organisation (ISRO), established in 1969, launched India’s first satellite Aryabhatta in 1975.
Aryabhata Satellite
India’s first satellite Aryabhatta (PC: Wikimedia Commons)
  • In 1980 Rohini became the first Indian satellite to be launched from an indigenous launch vehicle.
  • On 2nd April, 1984 Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian to visit space using the Soviet-made rocket Soyuz T-11.
Rakesh Sharma
Rakesh Sharma (PC: Wikimedia Commons)
  • In October 2008 Chandrayaan-1, India’s first lunar probe, is launched into space.
Chandrayan 1
Chandrayan 1 (PC: Wikimedia Commons)
  • Mangalyaan was launched on 5th November 2013 and has been orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014.
Mangalyaan
Mangalyaan (PC: Wikimedia Commons)
  • ASTROSAT was launched on 28 September 2015. It enabled multi-wavelength observations of celestial bodies.
ASTROSAT
ASTROSAT (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)
  • The South Asia Satellite was launched on 5 May 2017. It was developed by ISRO for South Asian Nations.
  • In April 2012, VK Saraswat of the Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) announced the development of Agni-V, an intercontinental ballistic missile with an anti-satellite(ASAT) capability.
Agni-V
Agni-V (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

 

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