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4 Analysis Pieces You Must Read to Understand What The 2019 Lok Sabha Election Results Mean

“Modi has not won because of his economic success; he has won despite his economic failures,” writes Pratap Bhanu Mehta in The Indian Express.

As the dust settles around the 17th Lok Sabha elections, political commentators have tried decoding what lead to BJP getting 303 seats up from 282 in 2014, and what it means for India.

Here is a selection of some of the most insightful articles that you must read:

Mihir Swarup Sharma writing for NDTV:

Columnist and a fellow at Observer Research Foundation Mihir Swarup Sharma writing for NDTV said that BJP has taken the national pole position in most state polities and Congress has “lost because it has lost the ideological argument” about the “Idea of India”.

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Sharma writes Congress’ ideas has been replaced by the Sangh and Modi’s conception of India as “essentially Hindu; India is a unitary civilisation, divided by the vestiges of countless invasions… and in order to be strong, it must embrace its Hindu identity and be united in mind.”

Zoya Hasan writing for The Citizen:

Political commentator Zoya Hasan writing for The Citizen wrote that Narendra Modi’s strongman politics has emerged victorious even over numerous regional party fragments.

She added, “BJP’s strategy, of divide and divert, has worked. Very, very successfully. At the end of the day the Hindu vote bank has been consolidated, consecrated, and sanctified in a sense.”

Narendra Modi lok sabha elections
PM Narendra Modi and BJP president Amit Shah (Photo: Twitter/@BJP4India)

Gilles Verniers and Christophe Jaffrelot for The Indian Express:

Assistant Professor of Political Science at Ashoka University Gilles Verniers and political scientist Christophe Jaffrelot termed the last decade as a “return of the savarn (upper caste) – and the erosion of OBC representation – along with the rise of the BJP.”

The scientist say the BJP received the “support of the savarn, precisely to contain the rise of OBCs.”

Pratap Bhanu Mehta for The Indian Express:

Vice-chancellor of Ashoka University, Pratap Bhanu Mehta, wrote that the 2019 Indian election can be analysed in two words: Narendra Modi.

He pointed out that the verdict was “the greatest concentration of power in modern Indian history” and hence it “is also a moment of dread for Indian democracy.”

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Mehta cautioned, “But let us be clear: Modi has not won because of his economic success; he has won despite his economic failures.”

He added, “In ideological terms, it is a victory for majoritarianism, a desire to openly marginalise minorities and assert the cultural hegemony of Hindutva.”

Mehta ended by saying, “This is also, finally, a victory of the politics of fear and hate.”

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